Cough, fever, sore throat, chills, and breathing problems.
Individuals who are experiencing these symptoms may already have bronchitis. If you’re already at this state, it may be too late.
Bronchitis is a lung ailment that is characterized by an inflammation of the air passage between the nose and the lungs. In some cases, the trachea or windpipe may become infected.
The infection of the trachea eventually leads to breathing difficulties. You can experience anything from wheezing (especially during excercise) to shortness of breath.
Bronchitis can be caused by a variety of factors like viral and bacterial infection and can be made worse by cigarette smoking.
Because of the effects of cigarette smoke in the development of bronchitis, the need to quit smoking is now more important than ever.
Understanding bronchitis and other factors that may affect this condition is critical in prevention and treatment.
What Is Bronchitis?
There are two types of bronchitis: acute bronchitis and chronic bronchitis.
Acute bronchitis is usually caused by a viral or bacterial infection that may heal without causing any complications.
Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is a sign of a serious lung ailment that cannot be cured but can only be slowed down or managed in terms of symptom alleviation.
Both forms of bronchitis can be characterized by inflammation of the air passage but their respective causes and treatments are different.
Acute bronchitis is most widespread during the cold season. It usually follows a viral infection, some cases of this disease may be accompanied by a secondary bacterial infection.
Symptoms of Bronchitis
Acute bronchitis, like other upper airway inflammatory ailments may increase a person’s risk of developing pneumonia. Common symptoms of this kind of bronchitis may include: wheezing, coughing, chest pains, and sore muscles.
Chronic bronchitis, on the other hand, is caused by inhaling bronchial irritants like cigarette smoke, chemical fumes, air pollution, and environmental irritants like mold or dust. This disease develops slowly,middle aged and older individuals have heightened risks of getting diagnosed with bronchitis. Symptoms of chronic bronchitis may include wheezing, expectorating cough, chest pains, and persistent fatigue.
Treatments for Bronchitis
There are many treatments that are prescribed by many health professionals in treating bronchitis. Acute bronchitis can be treated like a common cold but only when there is no secondary infection. Self-medication and home care may include plenty of rest, intake of water and other fluids, and having a smoke-free lifestyle.
Individuals with bronchitis can also take acetaminophen for fever and pain that may develop because of this condition. If a secondary infection is present, in can be treated with antibiotics as prescribed by a doctor.
Stopping medication without your doctors permission may lead to the re-development of the infection. It’s important to finish your antibiotic treatment in order for it to have maximum effect. Many times the infection will reappear if you do not complete your antibiotic regiment.
Common treatments for chronic bronchitis are more complicated than acute bronchitis and can may depend on the stage of chronic bronchitis. Lifestyle changes may become critical in treating this ailment.
Individuals with bronchitis are advised to quit smoking, avoid second hand smoke, and other pollutants. Persistant cigarette smoking after being diagnosed with bronchitis can be both detremental to your heatlh and dangerous if your bronchitis is far enough advanced.
Regular and moderate exercise are also important in treating this condition. Drug therapy may include the use of bronchodilators which are muscle relaxants of the bronchial tubes that help increase air flow. This medication can be taken orally or by using a nebulizer, a device that delivers medication through the airways.
However, like other kinds of health conditions, prevention is better than the cure. The best way to prevent the development of bronchitis caused by cigarette smoking is not to begin at all.
Smokers have high risks of dying from bronchitis and other pulmonary illness. The danger is that if you develop one respitory disease you then become susceptible to others and the compounded effect of multiple respitory illness’s can lead to death.
In addition to this, smokers who have stopped smoking have shown improvement in lung function and overall health. Avoiding chemical and environmental irritants like air pollution and secondhand smoke are essential for overall health.